Style Guidelines


ISSN 2225-2215

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Style Guidelines
Papers published (including on the Internet) or under consideration elsewhere will not be accepted; but publication elsewhere of an abstract or extended summary does not preclude publication in full in the journal. In this context, restricted circulation of reports or theses does not constitute publication.

Length of articles
The length of articles will vary, but should probably be between 4000 and 10 000 words (excluding tables and figures).

Details of techniques and results which are not essential to the published paper but may be of interest to readers should not be included. This material could be made available from authors on request, and this should be mentioned in the text.

Preparation of manuscript
Authors are encouraged to submit their manuscript (including abstract and keywords) electronically, i.e. as a  rtf (reach text format) document. Please ensure you remove all author names from the manuscript to ensure the peer review process is “double blind”.

Use one line space between headings and following text, and between paragraphs. Headings should be in bold, not italic. Use italics where appropriate, NOT underlining. Tables should be lined up in columns using the tabulation key. Do not use returns within table cells or box lines around tables. Avoid the use of table programs (e.g., Excel) as these will need to be reset (however, Word’s Table Tool is acceptable).
Remove field codes produced by bibliographic citation software such as EndNote before submitting your paper.  Avoid Track Changes, as these result in unwanted textual artifacts that must be removed.

An abstract, normally of no more than 150 words, should accompany all papers. It should be informative, intelligible when divorced from the paper, and devoid of undefined abbreviations, equations, and reference citations. It is particularly important to give the main result(s), and to name any new techniques, new concepts and new conclusions. If there is a direct application, it should be mentioned.

Keywords obtained from the whole article, not just the title or the abstract, should be given immediately following the Abstract. Authors should provide at least five keywords.

Here you can list supporting institutions and the names (untitled) and the affiliations of people who have assisted in some way with your research.

Requirements to papers

Papers should be between 4,000 and 10,000 words

The language of publication is English.

Responsibility for good English should be taken by the author. Particularly if English is not the author’s first language, before submitting a manuscript it is better to have it edited for language by someone who is profession. This is step may help to ensure that the academic content of a paper is fully understood by journal editors and reviewers, as well as readers.

Authors are solely responsible for the accuracy of the references. Citations are to follow the Harvard System, i.e., in the text they are to be by author’s name and year of publication (Tronton, 2002), and at the end of the paper in alphabetical order of authors’ surnames. Works by the same author and published in the same year are to be distinguished by letters appended to the year.
Restricted citation of unpublished work, work in preparation, recently submitted work, or personal communications may be made in the text only, but excluded from the References. Theses should be listed in the References; and unpublished papers accepted for publication elsewhere may be cited as “in press”.

References within the text should be cited by giving the author’s name and year of publication, e.g. (Smith, 2004).  Specific page numbers should be cited after a direct quotation (Smith, 2004: 46) or (Levitt, 2002; Zeff, 2003a, 2003b)

Those works cited in the text (and no others) should be listed at the end of the text in alphabetical order by author's name using the journal’s standard conventions.

Where there are more than two authors, the reference within the text should cite the first author et al. and the year: (Smith et al., 2000). The reference list should include all the authors for each publication: Smith J, Doe J and Jones R (2000).
Welcome to  Guide to the Harvard System of Referencing 
For more information see Citation Guide
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